Prayer


First you have to find Qibla.
It is the direction to which Muslims turn in prayer to face Kaaba.



Before the Prayer:

- Body, Clothes and the place you want to pray must be clean.

- Before prayer you must do ablution if needed to clean your body parts which were exposed to dirt. Wudu.

- Women have to cover their hair.

- Stand erect, head down, hands at sides, feet evenly spaced.

- Express intent to perform Salaat (niyyat):

- I intend to offer _____ rakats of the ____ prayer, and face the Qibla for the sake of Allah and Allah alone.
(For example: "I intend to offer 4 rakats of the Asr prayer and face the Qibla for the sake of Allah and Allah alone.")



How to Performe Wudu:

1. Make niyyah.
Make the intention to perform wudu by cleaning yourself for prayer, for the sake of Allah.

2. Recite the following:
Bismillah-Hir-Rahmanir-Raheem ("In the name of Allah, the most Gracious, most Merciful".)

3. Wash your hands.
Use your left hand to wash your right hand. (3 times). After that use your right hand to wash your left hand (3 times). Make sure the water reaches between the fingers and all over the hands.

4. Rinse your mouth.
Do this thoroughly to get all the remaining food in your mouth out. (3 times)

5. Inhale water into your nose.
Sniff water into your nose and blow the water out. Use your right hand to bring up the water, and your left hand to expel it. (3 times)

6. Wash your face completely.
The whole face encompasses your right ear to the left ear, and from the edge of the hair to the chin. (3 times)

7. Wash your lower arms.
Wash your right arm with your left hand (3 times) and then wash your left arm with your right hand. (3 times)

8. Wipe your head.
Using your wet hands, just gently wipe your head from front to back and back to front. (once)

9. Wipe your ears inside and out.
Use your wet fingers to wipe the inside and outside of your ears. (once)

10. Wash each of your feet
Start with the right feet. Wash it up to the ankles and between the toes. (3 times)

11. Recite the following:
Ash-hadu allaa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahuu laa shariikalah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhuu wa rasuuluh
"I bear witness that there is no God but Allah alone, without any partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is his servant and messenger."

Your wudu will be invalidate by:
- Passing wind, urine, feces or blood
- Deep sleep
- Losing intellect, conscious or reason

After your wudu is invalidated, you must perform it again.



The five Prayer of the Day:

Fajr: This prayer is offered between dawn and sunrise. It consists of two raka'at sunnah, followed by two raka'at farz.

Zuhr: This prayer is offered between true noon and the time when an object's shadow equals it in size. It consists of four raka'at pre-farz sunnah, four raka'at farz, two raka'at post farz sunnah, and two raka'at nafil.

Asr: This prayer is offered between the time when an object's shadow equals it in size, to just before sunset. It contains four raka'at pre-farz sunnah, and four raka'at farz.

Maghrib: This prayer is offered between sunset to the time when twilight disappears. It contains three raka'at farz followed by two raka'at post-farz sunnah and two raka'at nafil.

Isha': This prayer is offered between the time when the twilight disappears and midnight. It consists of four raka'at pre-farz sunnah, 4 raka'at farz, two raka'at post-farz sunnah, two raka'at nafil, and three witr.

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